Galvanic Corrosion And Protection In Solar PV Installations

Created, engineered and manufactured in Australia, SunLock® racking is the leading commercial solar mounting method on the Australian industry. By combining a heritage of excellence in German engineering with American innovation, in 2011 Renusol America introduces the groundbreaking, American-created Renusol CS60- the 1st one particular piece mounting program for PV panels. Whether a solar roof mount, ground mount, best of pole mount, side of pole mount, tower mount or solar carport, we can accommodate your specifications. 7,758,011 entitled Adjustable Mounting Assembly for Standing Seam Panels” which issued to Haddock on Jul. For use on ships, PV modules or solar panels need to have to be installed correctly employing specialised mounting frames. You will also need to create a frame for your solar cells and the frame will be the base for your DIY solar panel, so that is exactly where a hand saw will come as much more than handy. Altering the tilt angle of an array to account for seasonal modifications in sun altitude is not essential. Bear in mind that there are diverse solar mounts utilized for every single application: flush mounting for roofs, solar pole mounts , and solar ground mounts. Particular standards exist for the roof mounting of solar systems. During the summer season solar panels can typically lay flat on the ground and make about 90% of the energy that they would make if they had been up on the rack. The entire mounting technique costs about the identical as acquiring one more 100-watt solar panel but in the course of the winter the solar stand helps make twice as a lot power. Most solar panels for rooftop solar installations are produced up of 60 solar cells, although the normal for industrial solar installations is 72 cells (and can go up to 98 cells or far more). The next step then is to calculate the total number of solar modules we want to mount at our site. This sort of mounting technique is nicely suited for sites exactly where excavation is not attainable such as capped landfills and simplifies decommissioning or relocation of solar module systems. In addition, if your house uses a lot of electricity, your roof may not be large adequate for a solar energy technique that meets your electricity demands. Pole Mounts allow you to adjust the tilt angle to maximize your energy output all through the seasons. Now solar panels are so low cost relative to a few years ago South pacing panels can make sense in Australia. An adjustable roof mount with tilt angles up to 45 degrees for maximum solar functionality. Discarded powder-coated bed-frames (generally 2″ angle) are also most valuable for this type of exercising ~ and with a bit of imagination can be employed as a base for an tilt-adjustable string of panels. MT Solar pole mounts are yet another wonderful option. As solar panels manufacturers usually seek techniques to lessen expenses, solution style is of course influenced by this objective. With the assist of the net and our own ingenuity we constructed an simple transportable, collapsible, and storable solar panel mount out of practically nothing but PVC and zip ties. There are a lot of aspects figuring out the type of solar mounting greatest suited for your house or business. Landpower Landscape Ballasted Solar Mounting is applicable to large scale flat roof module installation. I have the solar panels and 24 Lead acid batteries(100Amph every single) to power the property at day and night. The pole will likely place the panels six or more feet up in the air and let you sustain that ground space. Each fastening system 29 includes a roof clamp 31 and a catch or mounting bracket 33. Before you begin arranging the cells, linking adverse to constructive components as you go, you may think about producing small frames in the number of cells you have and inside of the principal frame of your template. The Terragrif is held by the anchoring of the claws in the frame material and mounting technique. Solar mounts aren’t just utilised to maintain solar panels in place throughout windy circumstances. Trackers are ground mounts that adjust automatically, making sure your panels usually face directly at the sun. Ground mount systems require suitable land space, and they appear industrial. We have selected diverse brands of solar panels with different frame thickness, from 31 mm to 50 mm to submit them to a mechanical resistance test. Collectively with structural engineers, the solar panel market has looked for effective structural frames that are light in weight and expense effective to set up, construct and that are capable to carry the weight of the solar panel system. One type of passive tracker is driven by a closed Freon system that causes the tracker to comply with the sun with sufficient accuracy for flat-plate PV modules, such as the Zomeworks In higher wind places a powered tracker may possibly be preferred.

With five solar panels on the stand that would imply that the solar panels would weigh 80lbs on the low finish. If your roof isn’t positioned to permit this, then ground panels can be a excellent alternative. You will want to use a ruler and a pencil to draw the lines so that you would later know how to separate your solar cells and get the maximal efficiency out of your material. One of the frames initially engaging at least one particular of the hooks of at least a initial of the catches and then getting rotated to a position against at least a second of the catches whereafter the second catch is laterally slid relative to the first catch and photovoltaic panel so as to engage the second frame with at least a single of the hooks of the second catch, the second catch subsequently getting removably secured. Roof Runner are really pleased to introduce our brand new Solar Steel SS UB Ultra base PV help program. Note that some systems demand positive earthing and most require damaging earthing, based on the kind of solar panels and inverter combinations utilized. If you have got a roof, and it doesn’t face south and it is not fully shaded he’ll bang the panels on, and move on to the next job. A ground-mounted method is just what it sounds like – a system of solar panels that are mounted on the ground on your property, rather than on the roof of your house. IronRidge customers appreciate that they can count on their solar panel mounts. You can even make your template waterproof by utilizing some water resistant paint and paint the board you are employing as a base for your solar panel. Must I get get tilt frames installed – some say yes and other folks no – so i dont know who to think. The complete wood solar panels help frame in the video above was done with a budget of much less than $200. Scientists from Spectrolab, a subsidiary of Boeing , have reported improvement of multi-junction solar cells with an efficiency of much more than 40%, a new planet record for solar photovoltaic cells. Nothing at all exasperates me far more than seeing panels installed by so-known as authorities that have tilt frames to add a handful of degrees of tilt on a roof that is already tilted North at about 15 Degrees, or twisted at an angle across the roof to aim slightly much more Northwards. He is only pleased if the solar panel is positioned for the absolute optimum power output – he is a perfectionist, highly technical, and has been in the industry because the dawn of solar, when solar panels price 10 occasions what they do these days. Before you take your solar panel out and spot it exactly where planned, you will once more need to have to use the multimeter to test the amperage and voltage of your solar cells. Fitting and Installation Service: In addition to a fitting service for motorhome and caravan solar panel kits we also set up a wide variety of accessories through our sister organization the Motorhome Workshop, such as Gas Systems , Generators , Reversing Cameras , WiFi and more. In order to assemble the solar cells effectively, just like with linking batteries, you will have to connect adverse with positive sides. In that spirit, we are presenting a brief and straightforward-to-follow tutorial on how to make your personal solar panels and begin providing your home with eco-friendly and cost-efficient alternative that could even come as handy in several SHTF scenarios. Solar electric panel arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in a lot of distinctive and revolutionary ways. If it is extremely windy I will add the third crossbeam to the entire stand and then use the center grommets on the solar panels along with the ball bungees to assist the panels not flap about. Aluminum solar panel frames are utilised in combination with aluminum mounting brackets to supply adequate support to solar panels. HJT solar cells use a base of typical crystalline silicon with added thin film layers of amorphous silicon on either side of the cell forming what is known as the heterojunction. With GEM Energy you can rest assured that your solar mounting technique is safe, custom fitted and will final you for decades to come. If you laid the panels flat on your south facing roof and it has a 22.5 degree tilt, then for each kilowatt of capacity they would create an typical of two.64 kilowatt-hours a day. To make matters worse a sailing vessel is very space constrained, and large solar panels will effortlessly encroach upon boat operations and crew comfort. Direct mount: The panels are attached straight to the roof. An additional strategy is to integrate versatile solar panels into a Bimini or spray dodgers as shown above – see video under.

The Solar PV panels frames need to be bespoked for the mounting system so there is a limited selection of panels with these set ups. For instance, in one particular aspect, a simplified installation motion is employed to engage an auxiliary component, such as a photovoltaic panel assembly, with a mounting hook. If we crunch the numbers with my favorite free, on-line solar energy analysis tool, PV Watts , then we can speedily operate out that 3kW of north facing solar panels at the best angle of 34° will generate 11.9kWh per day averaged more than 1 year. These kinds of mounts are generally used for houses that have way as well much shade on the southern roof exposure and a sunny northern exposure. One particular effectively-installed pole is capable of holding a surprisingly huge number of solar panels—at instances, up to as numerous as sixteen. And that doesn’t consist of acquiring the additional star knobs, flange nuts or anything to mount the panels to each and every set of stand legs. We are supplying Solar Panel Mounting Structure GI & Painted to our respected buyers which are situated all round the nation. In addition to continuous feedback from our solar specialists in Australia, the US and around the globe, the clean power reviews team invite all solar business pros and installers to give your feedback (positive or damaging) from experience with any modules. We design and manufacture solar panel help frames that best fits your PV modules mounting. This mounting approach permits for decommissioning or relocation of solar panel systems with no adverse impact on the roof structure. This is a good explanation to develop a Ground mount array frame if possible, this permits maximum air flow and ease of cleaning. The size of solar panels tends to make them properly suited to be installed vertically on most roofs. Frames can be manually adjustable so that the solar panels can be tilted up for much more exposure in the winter time when the sun is lower in the sky. Installation is really simple and fast, which is specifically beneficial to remote internet sites with the alternative of Roof Mount or Ground Mount systems being accessible. The mount is only compatible with Renogy 80W and 100W solar panels. In these situations, tilt legs can be employed to adjust the panels to the suitable angle. The world’s most effective and greatest performing solar panels are manufactured by SunPower and LG utilizing IBC N-type monocrystalline silicon cells and although they are the most high-priced, they are without doubt the most reliable and highest quality panels available. Although the mounts themselves are quite reasonably priced, they can expense a pretty penny to be installed. The cells are assembled into modules by laminating them to a transparent colourless fluoropolymer on the front side (usually ETFE or FEP ) and a polymer suitable for bonding to the final substrate on the other side. As long your roof has sufficient space to match the program size you are soon after and it has very good sun exposure, preferably facing due North in Australia, a roof-mounted solar PV method is the correct decision for you. Right here are the prime five companies that give ground-mounted solar panels. Source higher high quality solar assistance frame from our excellent choice of reputable solar support frame manufacturing factories. A common ground mount uses a straightforward metal frame to assistance the weight of the rest of the method. Note: panel and cell temperature is also effected by roof color, tilt angle and wind speed, so mounting panels flat on a extremely dark rooftop will usually minimize panel functionality compared to lighter colored rooftops. Also, simply because it really is off the ground I won’t kill any grass under my solar panels given that hot solar panels will kill the grass beneath them when laying on the ground. A properly made solar support structure is of paramount significance to the long term performance of any solar system. Emerging, third generation solar technologies use advanced thin-film cells. However with no the strength of an aluminium frame double glass panels, although far more sturdy, are not as stiff and can appear to flex or bow, especially when mounted flat or horizontal. The solar mounts can be positioned in most sections of your home, and they’re constructed to supply a firm hold that stands up to higher levels of wind for the duration of operation. A photovoltaic program normally contains an array of photovoltaic modules, an inverter , a battery pack for power storage, charge controller, interconnection wiring, circuit breakers, fuses, disconnect switches, voltage meters, and optionally a solar tracking mechanism.

If you reside in an area that receives a lot of snow in the winter, getting able to easily sweep the snow off of your solar panels is a major convenience. If your solar panel contractor advises you that horizontal solar panels are the very best selection for your solar requirements, you do not require a specific inverter. The Solar PV panels are then clamped to the rails, keeping the panels extremely close to the roof to lessen wind loading. For a single issue, solar panels require to face either south or west to acquire direct sunlight. After you have purchased your solar panel you will need to determine on a safe fixing technique, our extensive range of permanent and non permanent solar mounting goods consist of totally free standing A-frames typically utilised with caravanners and motorhome users to ground and roof mounting systems created for massive scale PV arrays. You can set up solar panels on the ground of any house, and they will create power. The TerraGrif is a metal spring-toothed blade, positioned between the module and the mounting structure, guaranteeing the optimum equipotential bonding of a photovoltaic installation. Yet another fact is that you truly require solar cells in order to make your own solar panel, so you may as nicely choose the ones that are a bit pricier but which come with warranty, obtaining assured top quality to support your investment. However, there are widespread issues involved in any installation, whether or not the array is fixed or tracking, mounted at ground level, or on a pole or building. By producing your own solar cells, you will be virtually producing an imitation of photosynthesis. Furthermore, if you never have the additional space, installing solar panels on the ground will leave little to no area for your lawn, flower beds, or other landscaping. Solar panel efficiency is one particular of several essential variables to consider and is dependent on each the PV cell variety and cell configuration. Manufacturers creating bifacial solar panels incorporate LG power, Trina solar , Jinko Solar and Yingli Solar. Swivel mounting and tuning the panels will make a dramatic difference to charging overall performance. When you consist of the mounting hardware and other gear for your panels, the total weight will be closer to three-four pounds per square foot. On the other hand, land (the ground itself) is increasingly pricey and may be usefully employed for a quantity of purposes other than solar array installation. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) modules generate electricity from sunlight use of photovoltaic effects of the sun battery semiconductor materials, which can be fed into the mains electrical energy provide of a building or sold to the public electrical energy grid. In contrast, ground-mounted solar systems can be sized to match your electrical energy consumption with out the space restrictions of a rooftop program. We developed our saddle-variety post and fork mounts with solar panels in thoughts. A support device for anchoring photovoltaic panels on a roof. 0005 Nonetheless, neither the foregoing Japanese patent application, nor any other known land based systems, supply specific essential options for assembling and deploying big scale arrays on water, nor does any recognized art teach complete mooring and anchoring solutions for placement of huge scale arrays on water. Getting a mount that is constructed to hold eight panels is much far more reasonably priced than receiving two mounts created to hold four panels every single. Pole mounted solar usually incorporates tracking systems, which automatically tilt the solar panels to capture the optimal quantity of sunshine. The top countries of supplier is China, from which the percentage of solar panel assistance frames provide is one hundred% respectively. The third choice you have – is to make up for any lost energy by merely adding an extra solar panel. Nonetheless, if you have an older roof or are in any way concerned about regardless of whether your roof can help the additional weight of solar panels, speak to a roofing organization. Ground mount pv systems,high preassembly ,strength structure and different design and straightforward to set up , ground mount racking will be the greatest chooice for your solar panel mount and rack systems. Note: One particular thing that you never want is totally flat panels (angle = 0°). They’re developed to maximize the efficiency of the panels by keeping them oriented in just the correct way to catch that direct beam of sunlight full on. This signifies permitting the tilt of the panels to change throughout the year, and also allowing the angle of the panel to change throughout the day.

You will also stay away from the risky climb onto your roof, but you can still get your panels up high sufficient to steer clear of potential shade from trees. But if you locate dirt is getting a major effect of your solar panel output due to the fact they are laid flat, then tilting them can permit the rain to wash them clean may possibly outcome in a considerable boost in their output. With either adjustable or fixed triangular supporting frames, solar panels can be installed at the optimal angle for power output. In Australia, SunPower, LG, REC, Qcells and Winaico are typically regarded the ideal good quality solar panel makers supplying the best service, longest warranties, highest efficiency and lowest degradation more than the life of the panel. Optimisers along with micro-inverters are usually recognized as MLPE or Module Level Energy Electronics, which as the name suggests consists of small energy conversion units attached straight to individual solar panels. Compliance with the standards demands your installer to confirm and sign off that your roof construction integrity has not been compromised by the new solar power technique. LG – LG panels have one of the prime conversion prices of solar energy into electrical energy. An strategy to mounting solar panels so as to extract each and every achievable valuable amp obtainable is to fit them on a swivelling mount, which can be turned to directly face the sun. A dual-tilt, or east-west method, is installed the identical way except your solar panels back up against each other and are turned 90° to capture a lot more sunlight. If 5ft or 6ft crossbeam pieces are too extended, it really is also very straightforward to get 3ft or 4ft pieces and simply combine far more of them collectively to get the required width for the solar panels. Manufacturers such as Winaico and LG, and the DUO panels from Qcells have incredibly powerful aluminium frames to aid reduce cell and module stresses in higher wind locations that expertise cyclonic climate. Hyundai Heavy Industries – Their R&D laboratory is consistently functioning towards producing greater, a lot more efficient solar panels. For mounting the solar panels to the complete help rack, I like to use a lot more star knobs and flange nuts. The plan was to attach our fourth panel to some sort of tilt mount and install a plug-and-play wiring method so that we could roll it out if we necessary some further juice. Pole mounts, which are driven straight into the ground or embedded in concrete. This is particularly the case with solar panels which are a hugely pricey investment, and a return on the investment is critical. Here your solar panels are really built into your roof’s structure, no mounting system required. If we crunch the numbers for 3kW of North facing solar panels at only 10° then we uncover that we get 11.4kWh per day which tends to make us $1041. Some roof mounts are created to go underneath your roofing during the installation. These Racking Systems accommodate most of commercially available solar panels and diverse roof varieties,and they can scale easily from modest to massive,multi-megawatt installations. A common ground mount is constructed on a structure of steel pipe and concrete at a fixed-tilt angle. Mounting systems are generally made from aluminum or stainless steel and supply the structural help to protect your solar panels from wind-induced failure and other potential climate hazards. Have the pros at ISA Corporation guarantee that your enterprise has the highest top quality solar panel mounting racks and frames. In the course of most solar panel mount installations, it’s important to have a permit before putting the mount in place. Roof mounting of solar panels that run flush with the roof’s surface. The solar panel help frame is designed for PV module mounting method. Flat roof mounting hardware can be produced of aluminum or stainless steel, but plastic- and polymer-based mounting systems are getting into the market place as a lot more reasonably priced, lightweight, and simply moldable options ideal for straightforward, rapid customization and installation. As a result my opinion is no to the tilt frames. Solar panel mounts are racks or frames created to hold solar panels in location. In terms of regardless of whether to set up tilt frames or not – this implies that a excellent solar installer need to show the financial consequences for each selection and let you make a decision whether tilt frames are a good investment or not. The insertion profile TS of the TRI-STAND mounting program allows the simple, swift and hence efficient installation of all common framed solar modules.

8 shows the hinged connection among N-S frame members 130a, 130b in adjoining array modules. While rooftop solar arrays are the most widespread selection for homeowners, there are several factors to consider a ground-mounted solar panel system. 5A-5b show the installation of the N-S frame members atop the E-W frame members, which are in turn mounted to the floats. Angled brackets 200 (els) can be offered to improve structural rigidity at the panel help connections 202. Even though rooftop solar panels are the most typical variety, not everyone’s property is suited to them. From a single panel mounted on a post to a huge ground-mounted multi-kilowatt pv array. Wire (two.1.1.3): Our Renogy solar panels come with common PV wire that is weatherproof and insulated (as long as there is no exposed copper wire). The next factor is to divide the prime-to-bottom length of the roof by the long edge of the panels to come up with how many rows will fit in the space available. The makers we give are developed to offer trustworthy solar panel mounting structures for residential, commercial, and utility-scale projects and often include stamped engineering. In terms of the amount of power produced, ground and rooftop panels are pretty much the very same, at least on the surface. If your house uses a lot of power, then ground-mounted panels may possibly be greater for you. Though solar panels might get all the glory when you are speaking about how great solar power is for lowering your electrical energy bills, creating green jobs, and saving the planet, solar mounting alternatives are just as critical. It’s constantly wise to speak with a solar installer near you to see what your choices are for solar panel mounting. While railed systems are the most frequent solar mounting choice, rail-significantly less systems are undoubtedly catching up. As opposed to the common rack mount, the angles can be adjusted so that the panels are not parallel to the roof plane. Obtaining a solar mounting frame and roof panel too close to the edge of the roof, will enhance considerably the wind forces on the panel and method structure throughout heavy winds. Being the original patent holding U.S. manufacturer of the Rooftrac® “Top-Down” solar mounting technique, a single can be confident knowing they are being provided with nothing at all but exceptional solar equipment items. Solar panels execute nicely when they are totally free of shade, or even in partial shadow, and the sun is directly above. The solar panel stand legs are the most vital component of the complete support mount. Targray’s portfolio of aluminum solar panel frames is a trusted source for PV module producers in search of superior mold sophistication at a competitive cost. Flat roof mounting possibilities are widespread for industrial and commercial buildings given that they have massive spans of wide open space perfect for solar panels. Placing solar panels straight onto the ground functions quite okay during the summer time but throughout the fall, winter and spring a solar panel stand tends to make a massive distinction in power production. Photovoltaic panel frames are anodized and have a resistance in the area of 20 MOhm. All this necessary was three regular pulpit rail mounting brackets that I attached to a stout sheet of aluminium bolted across the panel frame – greatest seen under with the panel folded down. The panel supports are mounted transversely across the N-S frame members and are preferably Z shaped rolled sheet metal with stiffeners, as required, to support the weight of a plurality of panels mounted on their upper edges. The average size of solar panels utilised in a rooftop solar installation is around 65 inches by 39 inches, or 5.four feet by 3.25 feet. Common ground mounts use metal framing driven into the ground to hold your solar panels up at a fixed angle. This post will aid you realize solar panel size, solar panel weight, and whether your roof can support solar panels. A pole mount is a durable rack or frame constructed to hold a set of solar cells that is mounted up on prime of a single pole. Panels at 25 degrees will only produce eight.2% much more energy than those at degrees. In theory, trackers are helpful in optimizing the facing of your panels to squeeze each last drop of production out of your array. We will make certain that your solar panels are mounted in the correct place on your roof – as at times wind damage can take place if modules are mounted also close to the edge or ridge of the roof. Anyway, it took ’em three days to resolve all the ‘insurmountable’ troubles AND hand me a cheque for the power racked up on the analog meter from the date of installation.

66 There are options to handle the more than voltage concern, such as regulating PV inverter energy element, new voltage and energy handle equipment at the electricity distributor level, re-conducting the electricity wires, demand side management, etc. Generally I would anticipate tilt frames to add far more than $400-500 to the expense of a six.six kilowatt technique. Given that solar panel frames differ so usually, they are the most intricate to generate as effectively as the most fascinating. Another thing to pay attention to are the sides of the solar cells as your solar panel will not operate at all or will not be functioning appropriately if the cells are not connected in the following manner: the bottom of the cells is optimistic and the best is damaging. Quantified the power yield just before deciding exactly where to stick the panels – I wish every person was so scientific in their strategy alternatively of the wild assed guesses you usually see. The ground typically offers more area to set up far more panels than the roof does. Another emerging PV technologies using MJ-cells is concentrator photovoltaics ( CPV ). A large advantage of ‘add-on’ optimisers such as these from Tigo and SolarEdge is the capacity to monitor the efficiency of each and every solar panel individually, this can also help highlight any faults and concerns in a solar array. 0024 On occasion, the inventive floating system for a solar panel array will be installed on a physique of water having a variable water level. 10A-10D are schematic leading plan views showing an assembly scheme for the array modules, initial involving the coupling of single array modules 100 in the east- west direction by connecting E-W frame members 124 using splices 212 to create a three-module row 250 FIG. A-1 Engineering will assess the construction and the condition of the roof framing method to estimate no matter whether the framing can assistance the weight of the new solar panels. You can also decide on from is alloy solar panel support frame There are 233 suppliers who sells solar panel assistance frame on , mainly situated in Asia. We have worked with neighborhood solar power contractors to create and construct solar energy assistance frames. We now have a use for our fourth solar panel, and we couldn’t be happier with how the PVC mount turned out. In practice, if you require much more output, it is far far more expense-powerful to add 1 or two extra panels to your array (presuming you have space). A few years ago, when panels had been 5x the price, this would have been an insane suggestion (and some old college solar installers nonetheless believe it is a terrible waste!). Stand-off mount: The panels are supported by a frame constructed above the roof. A advantage of skipping the rails (besides saving a bit of money) is that you’re not forced to match your solar panels in between those two rails only. They give you simple, safe mounts for a solar panel frame that won’t draw consideration to itself. Cause some folks do not like the flexible solar panels is that they do not last as long as the rigid panels. A ground-mounted installation involves a frame that is built for your solar modules which tilts them up to an optimal angle (about 30 degrees) and faces due North (in Australia). Lessen your ground mounting fees with this prefabricated, compact mounting package. However, in all situations the mooring and anchoring design is configured to make equal force resistance to every single array support point by means of the use of a continuous and running mooring line. The initial type of solar cell developed in 1954 by Bell labs utilized an N-sort doped silicon wafer but over time the much more expense efficient P-sort silicon became the dominant cell type with over 80% of the global market in 2017 using P-type cells. 0025 From the foregoing, it will be observed that it is a main object of the present invention to provide a new and improved modular floating support structure for a solar panel array. The panels and the mounting rack together weigh a total of 35lbs which is simply picked up and moved about wherever I need it. With roof pitch dollar 2m square collector mounting frame. We’ve all observed Solar PV panels mounted on people’s roofs and on the roofs of firms, so here’s a rundown of the possibilities to get them up there. Solar mounting systems can be customized to suit any photovoltaic (PV) project by changing the orientation, elevation and angle of the solar array to maximize its power productivity. But for ground mounts, the rails require to be set on a substructure of 2” or 3” steel pipe.

solar structure 

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